The investments are contingent on the construction of a hydrogen pipeline between Norway and Germany and a German hydrogen downstream infrastructure. In anticipation of this infrastructure, Equinor and RWE propose a series of investments that would be major building blocks for European hydrogen supply and its utilization in the power sector from 2030 onwards.
Equinor has the ambition to invest in clean hydrogen to Europe projects with an initial 2 GW of low-carbon (blue) hydrogen production capacity in Norway by 2030 and up to 10 GW by 2038. These facilities are to feed into a pipeline to Germany, which is currently being assessed by Gassco, Equinor and third parties. Provided this pipeline is in place, Equinor will transport the blue hydrogen, which RWE will purchase and use in hydrogen-ready gas plants.
In addition to this, RWE and Equinor will collaborate in projects aimed at generating green hydrogen. Offshore wind energy is by far the most effective form of renewable power generation. Combined with electrolysers it will play an important role for the ramp-up of the hydrogen economy. In this context RWE and Equinor are planning to jointly explore possibilities for offshore production of renewable hydrogen in Norway, Germany and countries adjacent to the proposed hydrogen pipeline. Both companies are already engaged in developing AquaSector – a project in the North Sea aimed at creating a 300 MW offshore wind farm connected to offshore electrolysers that produce green hydrogen.
RWE and Equinor also plan to jointly invest in flexible hydrogen-ready gas-fired power plants (CCGT) in Germany with a total capacity of 3 GW by 2030. Hydrogen-ready gas-fired power plants are based on technology that is available at scale to balance the fluctuating electricity generated from renewables and electricity demand.
In accordance with specifications from the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Protection, the CCGT plants shall be able to reach 50%vol hydrogen combustion at the time of commissioning. The companies will pursue a roadmap to reach 100% hydrogen combustion capability by the mid-2030s. The RWE-Equinor partnership is to secure the fuel supply for their planned CCGT fleet in line with the following decarbonisation schedule: Equinor initially plans to supply the natural gas required for the operation of the joint CCGT plants. In order to accomplish the CCGT’s transition towards 100% hydrogen firing, natural gas will in a first step be replaced by low-carbon hydrogen. As offshore hydrogen production plants get connected over time, green hydrogen will gradually complement and ultimately replace its blue counterpart in imports to Germany. Green hydrogen from RWE’s and Equinor’s joint projects will fire the joint CCGT fleet to complete its decarbonisation journey.
In addition, RWE and Equinor will continue to explore joint investments in offshore-wind-only projects in Norway and Germany as well as green hydrogen production in Norway.
“Through this collaboration we will strengthen the long-term energy security for Europe’s leading industrial country while at the same time offer a viable route to a necessary energy transition for hard to abate industries,” said Anders Opedal, Equinor’s CEO and President. “The collaboration has the potential to develop Norway into a key supplier of hydrogen to Germany and Europe. This is a unique opportunity to build a hydrogen industry in Norway where hydrogen also can be used as feedstock to domestic industries.
Markus Krebber, CEO of RWE, said: “In order to make progress in the conversion from fossil fuels to hydrogen, there is an urgent need for a rapid ramp up of the hydrogen economy. Blue hydrogen in large quantities can be the start, with subsequent conversion into green hydrogen supply. This is exactly what we are driving forward with our partnership – providing the industries with significant quantities of hydrogen. In addition, our planned investments into hydrogen-ready gas-fired power plants will ensure security of supply in a decarbonized power sector.”